PHOTOGRAPHY MADE EASY
Турник для дома.
Три лучших варианта
Фотографическое освещение - это освещение сцены, которым нужно сфотографировать. Фотография просто записывает образцы света, цвета и тени; освещение очень важно для управления
изображением.
1
Perceptual Cause and Effect
Освещение создает 2D-контраст, который мозг интерпретирует для распознавания 3D-объектов на фотографиях. При личном наблюдении мозг полагается на стереоскопическое зрение, параллакс, смещение фокуса в дополнение к подсказкам, создаваемым шаблонами яркого света и тени, которые создает свет на объекте. При просмотре фотографии мозг пытается сопоставить контрастность и цвет, который он видел, с этими другими чувственными воспоминаниями.
«The baseline for what seems "normal" in lighting is the direction and character of natural and artificial sources and the context provided by other clues»
Steve Jobs
Apple CEO
2
The Natural Light Baseline
To differentiate that role from that of "key" modeling when a modeling source moves behind the object it is typically called a "rim" or "accent" light. In portrait lighting it also called a "hair" light because it is used to create the appearance of physical separation between the subject's head and background.
When a photographer puts the sun behind an object its role in the lighting strategy changes from modeling the front of the object to one of defining its outline and creating the impression of physical separation and 3D space a frontally illuminated scene lacks.
Steve Jobs
Apple CEO
1818 Magazine by Stephanie Toole
To differentiate that role from that of "key" modeling when a modeling source moves behind the object it is typically called a "rim" or "accent" light. In portrait lighting it also called a "hair" light because it is used to create the appearance of physical separation between the subject's head and background.
3
Creating Natural Looking Artificial Lighting
A typical studio lighting configuration will consist of a fill source to control shadow tone, a single frontal key light to create the highlight modeling clues on the front of object facing the camera over the shadows the fill illuminates, one or more rim/accent lights to create separation between foreground and background, and one or more background lights to control the tone of the background and separation between it and the foreground.
There are two significant differences between natural lighting and artificial sources. One is the character of the fill and the other is more rapid fall-off in intensity. In nature skylight fill is omni-directional and usually brighter from above. That "wrap around" characteristic is difficult to duplicate with a directional artificial source.
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